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Author Miguel Ribeiro

 Author Miguel Ribeiro

 Darwinism came to influence all science because the emergence of life as an accident and evolution by random mutation, as claimed by this theory, imply a purposeless and random universe. 

The theories of the universe as information – whether as a computer, a mathematical structure, a hologram or a simulation – have become quite popular and are increasingly embraced by physicists. Paradoxically, their proponents and followers formulated and understand them in the Darwinian context – thereby incurring in a fundamental contradiction because information is not amenable to random transmission. For example, in 2003 philosopher Nick Bostrom put forward the simulation hypothesis – the assertion that our universe is a computer simulation run by a civilization of the future intending to repeat its own history. Unavoidably, a program driven by Darwinian principles would fail the purpose – for instance, life evolving by DNA-copying errors couldn’t be expected to faithfully retrace evolution, i.e. starting from bacteria, end up emulating the kind of life of the program’s author in the future, via humankind. 

In contrast, "randomness is unable to generate complexity" is the core premise of this computer view of the universe, in which the finely tuned laws of physics and constants of nature are set parameters of the hypothesized program, rather than a phenomenal string of coincidences. Reiterating this view, I try to show why the multiverse does not explain the laws of physics, and why the laws of physics do not explain the emergence and evolution of the universe and life. On the other hand, I outline the reasoning that sets the program hypothesis apart from intelligent design and religion.The book focuses on presenting a model of the emergence and evolution of life consistent with the universe as information – accordingly, adaptive mutation, a functional junk DNA, sentience, and life as algorithms uphold the notion of the genome as software.